Braces and Aligners

Dental Braces and Aligners

Braces and aligners are orthodontic devices used to straighten teeth and correct malalignments in the jaw. They are commonly used in orthodontic treatment to improve dental aesthetics, bite functionality, and overall oral health.


Dental braces consist of metal or ceramic brackets that are bonded to the teeth, connected by archwires, and held in place by elastic bands or other mechanisms. The brackets apply controlled pressure to the teeth. Orthodontists adjust the braces periodically to ensure proper alignment. Braces are effective for correcting various orthodontic issues, including crowded or crooked teeth, gaps, overbites, underbites, and crossbites.


Aligners are a more recent alternative to traditional braces. They are transparent, custom-made, removable trays that fit on the teeth. The aligners apply gentle and controlled force to gradually shift the teeth. Each set of aligners is worn for a specific period, typically two weeks, before being replaced by the next set in the series. The process continues until the teeth have moved to their final alignment.

Tooth braces aligners

When does one need braces and aligners?

Braces and aligners are used to correct various orthodontic issues, including the following.
Crooked or malaligned teeth:  In case your teeth are crowded, crooked, or have irregular spacing, dental braces or aligners can help align them properly.
Overbite: It occurs when the upper front teeth significantly overlap the lower front teeth. Braces or aligners can gradually move the teeth to correct the overbite.
Underbite:  It is characterized by the lower front teeth protruding in front of the upper front teeth. Braces or aligners can help shift the teeth into the correct position.
Crossbite:  A crossbite occurs when a few of the upper sections of teeth sit inside the lower teeth rather than outside. Braces or aligners can correct the malalignment and ensure proper bite alignment.
Open bite:  An open bite is when the upper and lower teeth at the front do not touch when the mouth is closed. Dental braces or aligners can help close the open bite and establish proper contact between the upper and lower teeth.

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What are the advantages of braces and aligners?


Effective for complex cases:   Braces are highly effective for the treatment of a wide range of orthodontic issues, including severe malalignments, complex bite problems, and overcrowding of teeth.

Precise control:   Orthodontists have precise control over the movement of teeth with braces. They can adjust the pressure and placement of brackets and wires to achieve the desired tooth movements and alignment.
Lower maintenance:   Braces remain in place throughout the treatment process. There is no risk of misplacing or losing them, and they do not require daily removal for cleaning.


Aesthetics:   Aligners are transparent and virtually invisible when worn, making them a popular choice for individuals concerned about the appearance of braces.
Removability:   Aligners can be easily removed for eating, brushing, and flossing. This allows for greater flexibility and convenience in maintaining oral hygiene.
Comfort:   Aligners are made of smooth plastic, which generally causes less discomfort and irritation compared to the brackets and wires of braces.