Tooth extraction, also called dental extraction, is when a tooth is removed from the socket in the jawbone, usually under the effect of local anaesthesia. It is performed by a dentist or an oral surgeon to reduce the harmful bacteria that can damage your teeth and gum.
Types of tooth extraction:
It is a more complicated procedure that is required for teeth that are not easily accessible or fully erupted, such as impacted wisdom teeth or severely broken teeth. Surgical extractions can be performed under local or general anesthesia in more complex cases.
When does one need a tooth extraction treatment?
Here are some indications that a person needs gum disease treatment:
Severe Tooth Decay: When tooth decay progresses to an advanced stage and affects a significant portion of the tooth, extraction may be necessary if the tooth cannot be effectively restored through treatments like fillings, root canal therapy, or dental crowns.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth: Wisdom teeth often do not have enough space to fully emerge or grow in a proper alignment. This can contribute to pain, infections, damage to surrounding teeth, or other dental problems. In such cases, extraction is recommended.
Gum Disease: Advanced gum disease (periodontal disease) can cause the teeth to become loose due to the damage of the supporting structures. If the teeth are severely affected and cannot be saved, extraction may be necessary.
Dental Trauma: Teeth that have suffered significant trauma, such as a fracture or displacement, may need to be extracted if they cannot be repaired or stabilized effectively.
Malpositioned or Extra Teeth: Teeth that are malformed, malpositioned, or supernumerary (extra teeth) may need to be extracted to prevent dental problems or create space for proper tooth alignment.
Infection or Abscess: If a tooth becomes severely infected or develops an abscess, an extraction might be necessary to prevent the spread of infection to other parts of the mouth.
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What are the advantages of tooth extraction treatment?
Tooth extraction is considered a last resort when it comes to dental treatment, as preserving natural teeth is the preferred option. However, in certain situations, tooth extraction can provide several advantages:
Relief from Pain: Extracting a severely decayed or infected tooth can alleviate pain and discomfort that may be caused by the condition.